The Blackfoot Community Conservation Area (BCCA) is an innovative effort involving community forest ownership and cooperative ecosystem management across public and private lands in the heart of the 1.5 million acre Blackfoot watershed.  Located at the southern end of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem, the BCCA borders the Bob Marshall and Scapegoat Wilderness areas and encompasses an important transition zone between wilderness, national forest and productive valley bottoms, with lush riparian and wetland areas and important wildlife habitat.  Historic uses of the area include livestock grazing, timber harvest, and recreational activities including hunting, trapping, horseback riding, hiking, snowmobiling and skiing.

The BCCA project involves two distinct phases.  The first phase involves local ownership and management of 5,609.37 acres of former Plum Creek Timber Company lands that were transferred from The Nature Conservancy to the Blackfoot Challenge in 2008, also referred to as the BCCA Core.  The second phase involves joint management of the Core with the larger BCCA itself—the surrounding public and private lands that comprise a 41,000-acre multiple-use demonstration area for the watershed.  It is a pilot for innovative access, land stewardship and restoration practices.  Land owners in this larger BCCA include the USFS-Lolo National Forest, MT Fish, Wildlife and Parks, the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, and a number of private landowners.

The BCCA Core is managed and administered by the BCCA Council—a committee of the Blackfoot Challenge—consisting of fifteen members representing agencies owning land within or adjacent to the Core, private landowners, recreational user groups, local businesses and/or commercial outfitters.